New childcare schemes must be developed in tandem
We broadly welcome yesterday’s announcement of two new Government initiatives for helping working parents with the cost of childcare – one via a state subsidy of up to 20% of eligible childcare costs, the other through universal credit. We regard it as essential that the two new schemes are developed in tandem to ensure easy interactions between the two, and to keep complexity to a minimum.
Yesterday the Government announced that, from autumn 2015, it will phase in a new scheme under which the State will contribute 20% of the yearly childcare costs incurred by parents who are eligible – up to £6,000 per child.
Thus, a family could receive up to £1,200 from the State annually for each child under the new scheme. To begin with, the scheme will be open to parents of children up to 5 years old, increasing over time to 12. To be eligible, all parents must be in work, with each parent earning less than £150,000 a year, and not already be receiving support for childcare costs through working tax credit or universal credit.
The new scheme will gradually replace the current system of employer supported childcare, although those already receiving support under the existing scheme can remain in it if they choose. The tax exemption for workplace nurseries will remain.
It is also proposed from April 2016 to extend childcare support under universal credit in order to improve work incentives for low to middle earners with children. According to today’s announcement, this improved support through universal credit will be worth 85% of childcare costs where a lone parent or both parents in a couple pay income tax.
The detail of both schemes will be consulted on together. The consultation will also put forward proposals for employers to ‘continue to play a role in supporting their employees with childcare costs within the new scheme’.
We welcome the wide reach of the proposals. Many more families will benefit from the new schemes together than from the current combination of working tax credit and employer-provided tax and NI free childcare vouchers.
We also welcome the Government’s intent to consult on both new schemes together, and trust that the interactions will be fully explored as a result of that process. A fundamental weakness of the present arrangements is that working parents have to carry out a complex calculation to see which of the two available means of support, through working tax credit or through employer-provided vouchers, works better for them. To ensure that the new schemes really do deliver effective work incentives, it is essential that complexity be kept to a minimum.
Contact: Robin Williamson (please use form at http://www.litrg.org.uk/ContactUs)