Qualifying care definition for foster carers
Disabled people and carers
What is foster care?
It is the provision of care (either by an individual or possibly an individual together with their partner) – broadly the provision of accommodation, maintenance and care for a child or young person under the age of 18.
The foster care may last a short time or a whole childhood.
Foster carers are normally paid an allowance for the maintenance of the child.
Sometimes private fostering arrangements are made, in other words without the involvement of social services. Such arrangements are not qualifying care.
What is qualifying care?
The child or young person would have been taken into the care of the local authority and responsibility for their day-to-day care is delegated to the foster carer(s) by appropriate legislation:
- in England and Wales, The Childrens Act 1989;
- in Scotland, under the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 or regulations under the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968;
- in Northern Ireland, under the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995.
Qualifying care cannot be provided by an excluded person – broadly a parent of the child or young person or someone who had parental responsibility for the child or young person immediately before they were taken into care.
What about parent and child placements?
Sometimes a young person, who is themselves a parent, is placed with a foster carer. In this case the foster parent cares for both the young person in their care and the young person’s child. Although technically it is only the young person who has been taken into care, HMRC accept that all payments made to the foster carer are for qualifying care – see HS236.
What about kinship care?
Kinship care is recognised in Scotland and is where a child or young person is looked after by a member of the extended family or someone with whom the child has an existing relationship. Such relationships can be informal – in which case they do not fall to be treated as qualifying care. Alternatively, if the child or young person is under the care of the local authority and is placed in kinship care, the relationship will be classed as qualifying care.
What about staying put arrangements?
These are arrangements to enable the young person to stay with foster carers (or kinship carers) beyond the age of 18, assuming they were in care at that age, and up to the age of 21. Such arrangements are considered as qualifying care on the same basis as above.