Do I need to complete a tax return?
This section looks at whether or not you need to complete a tax return if you are employed.
Most employees working in the UK pay all their tax through the Pay As You Earn (PAYE) system and are not required to submit a tax return. You may, however, need to complete a tax return because your tax affairs are complicated in some way, for example by having a source of untaxed income, in addition to your employment income.
You can find more detailed information on Self Assessment and tax returns in our tax basics section.
What is Self Assessment (SA)?
Self Assessment is not a tax – it is a way of paying tax.
The idea of SA is that you are responsible for completing a tax return each year if you need to, and for paying any tax due for that tax year. It is your responsibility to tell HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) if you think you need to complete a tax return.
If you have to complete an SA tax return, you must also include your employment income (and taxes paid) and any other income that you have on your SA tax return, not just the income that has caused you to be in SA, as it is a ‘return’ of all of your taxable income for the year.
You also claim any tax allowances or reliefs that you are entitled to on the tax return.
Most people in the UK pay all their tax ‘at source’, for example, through PAYE if they are employed, and are not required to file a tax return. So SA does not affect everyone and you will normally only need to complete a form if your tax affairs are complicated in some way, or if you have untaxed income that cannot be taxed through your PAYE tax code.
There is more information on who needs to complete a tax return in the tax basics section.
What do I do if I no longer need to complete an SA return?
We explain what to do if you think you no longer need to complete a SA tax return in the tax basics section.
If you are no longer within SA, but you have allowances or reliefs to claim, you may need to claim a repayment of tax each year, outside of the SA system. If you think this applies to you, take a look at the How do I claim tax back? page in the tax basics section.
What if I have not completed a tax return previously?
The onus in the UK is on you to tell HMRC if you need to complete a tax return. You must register for a tax return by 5 October following the end of the tax year in question, otherwise you could incur a penalty.
We explain more about the deadline by which you need to notify HMRC if you think you need to complete a tax return in the tax basics section.
We also explain the deadlines for submission of tax returns.
What is a short tax return?
We explain what a short tax return is and help you work out whether or not you might be able to request one instead of the full Self Assessment tax return in the tax basics section.
Where can I find more information?
You can find more information on Self Assessment in the tax basics section.
There is more information on how to reclaim tax if you do not need to complete a tax return in the tax basics section.