National Insurance for migrants
National Insurance contributions in the UK are paid by employees and employers on earnings and count towards the cost of certain state benefits. The self-employed contribute by a fixed weekly amount, however they also pay a percentage of net profits above a certain threshold. Individuals may also make voluntary contributions, in order to fill a gap in their contributions record and thus protect their entitlement to benefits.
This section has information on National Insurance for migrants. It contains further information on the following topics:
- How do I get a National Insurance number? – this explains the process for obtaining a National Insurance number (NINO) if you are a migrant;
- What are National Insurance contributions? – we provide a summary of National Insurance contributions (NIC) and the different types;
- What if I am a posted worker from the EU, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland? – this section explains the position for migrants assigned to the UK by their employers from these countries;
- What if I come from a country with which the UK has a social security agreement? – this section explains the position for migrants assigned to the UK by their employers from these countries;
- What if I come from a country with no social security agreement with the UK? – we explain the position for migrants from these countries;
- What if I am a cross border worker?
- National Insurance and the UK state pension for migrants – we look at the effect of paying social security contributions in more than one country on your UK state pension.
You may also want to read our short 'National Insurance factsheet':
Where do I find more information on National Insurance in general?
If you want more detailed information on general NIC topics, you can visit the following sections: