What is the national minimum wage?

Updated on 30 December 2020


Under UK law, employees and ‘workers’ are entitled to certain rights, including a minimum wage: either the national minimum wage (NMW) or national living wage (NLW). This includes full and part-time employees, agency workers, migrant workers and casual workers, but not self-employed individuals.

Image of a dictionary displaying the term minimum wage
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You do not need to be a UK resident; what matters is your employment status.

You can find more information about the NMW and NLW in the employment section.

More information on self-employment
Am I employed, self-employed or neither?

What tax allowances am I entitled to?

How do I register for tax and National Insurance?

What is the trading allowance?

What business records should I keep?

How do I pay tax on self-employed income?

Working out profits, losses and capital allowances

What National Insurance do I pay if I am self-employed?

How do I work out my taxable profits?

What is the Construction Industry Scheme (CIS)?

How do I prepare my accounts?

How do I work out my profits for universal credit?

What business expenses are allowable?

Do I have to pay VAT if I am self-employed?

Can I claim for pre-trade expenses?

What is Making Tax Digital for VAT?

What capital allowances can I claim?

Pensions and self-employment

What if I make a loss?

How do I repay my student loan if I am self-employed?

When do I make Self Assessment payments and file my tax return?

Penalties and enquiries

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