EU and EEA countries

Updated on 12 April 2021

Migrants

On this page we list all the countries in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA).

Illustration of the EU flag and various other flags

List of EU countries

There are currently 27 countries in the European Union (EU), as listed below:

Austria

Estonia

Italy

Portugal

Belgium

Finland

Latvia

Romania

Bulgaria

France

Lithuania

Slovakia

Croatia

Germany

Luxembourg

Slovenia

Cyprus

Greece

Malta

Spain

Czech Republic

Hungary

The Netherlands

Sweden

Denmark

Ireland

Poland

 


The United Kingdom left the EU on 31 January 2020. During the period from 1 February 2020 to 31 December 2020, known as the implementation period or transition period, EU law continued to apply in the UK.

You can find more information about the EU on its official website.

List of EEA countries

You are a European Economic Area (EEA) national if you are a citizen or national of one of the following countries:

Austria

Czech Republic

Germany

Italy

Malta

Romania

Belgium

Denmark

Greece

Latvia

Netherlands

Slovakia

Bulgaria

Estonia

Hungary

Liechtenstein

Norway

Slovenia

Croatia

Finland

Iceland

Lithuania

Poland

Spain

Cyprus

France

Ireland

Luxembourg

Portugal

Sweden


The United Kingdom left the EEA when it left the EU on 31 January 2020.

Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway are EEA member states, but they are not members of the European Union (EU).

Switzerland is not a member of the EU or the EEA. However, Swiss nationals have rights which are similar to those of nationals of EEA countries.

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