EU and EEA countries

Updated on 9 September 2020

Migrants

On this page we list all the countries in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA).

Image of European Union flag with various EU flags in the background
(c) Shutterstock / Sergey Novikov

The UK left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020 and entered a transition period, currently due to end on 31 December 2020, during which EU law continues to apply in the UK. The UK’s relationship with the EU beyond the end of the transition period has not yet been finalised. Please note that the guidance below reflects the law as it applied before the UK’s departure from the EU, and as it will continue to apply throughout the transition period. 

List of EU countries

There are currently 27 countries in the European Union (EU), as listed below:

Austria

Estonia

Italy

Portugal

Belgium

Finland

Latvia

Romania

Bulgaria

France

Lithuania

Slovakia

Croatia

Germany

Luxembourg

Slovenia

Cyprus

Greece

Malta

Spain

Czech Republic

Hungary

The Netherlands

Sweden

Denmark

Ireland

Poland

 


The United Kingdom left the EU on 31 January 2020.​

You can find more information about the EU on its official website.

List of EEA countries

You are a European Economic Area (EEA) national if you are a citizen or national of one of the following countries:

Austria Czech Republic Germany Italy Malta Romania
Belgium Denmark Greece Latvia Netherlands Slovakia
Bulgaria Estonia Hungary

Liechtenstein

Norway Slovenia
Croatia Finland Iceland Lithuania Poland Spain
Cyprus France Ireland Luxembourg Portugal Sweden


The United Kingdom left the EEA when it left the EU on 31 January 2020. 

Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway are EEA member states, but they are not members of the European Union (EU).

Switzerland is not a member of the EU or the EEA. However, Swiss nationals have rights which are similar to those of nationals of EEA countries.

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