National Insurance for migrants

Updated on 27 January 2020


National Insurance contributions in the UK are paid by employees and employers on earnings and count towards certain state benefits. The self-employed contribute by a fixed weekly amount and a percentage of net profits above a certain threshold. Individuals may also make voluntary contributions in order to fill a gap in their contributions record and thus protect their entitlement to certain benefits.

Following the 2016 European Union (EU) membership referendum in the UK, on 29 March 2017 the UK provided notice to the European Council of its intention to withdraw from the EU under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. At the time of writing (in March 2019), the date and terms of the UK’s departure from the EU have not yet been finalised. Therefore, please note that the guidance below reflects the law as it applies before the UK’s departure from the EU.

This section has information on National Insurance specifically for migrants. It contains further information on the following topics:

For a simpler overview, you may want to read our National Insurance factsheet:

National Insurance factsheet

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Where do I find more information on National Insurance in general?

If you want more detailed information on general National Insurance topics, you can visit the following pages:

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