How do I claim back tax on savings income?

Updated on 3 November 2019

Tax basics

On this page, we explain how to claim a refund of tax paid on savings income. This information is for people who do not have to fill in a tax return.

If you normally complete a tax return, see our page How do I claim back tax if I complete a tax return?.

Note that this page is mainly concerned with savings income arising in tax years up to and including 2015/16.

What are the rules before and after 6 April 2016?

6 April 2016 onwards

From 6 April 2016 most people have no tax to pay on interest they receive from a bank or building society account due to the ‘personal savings allowance’ (PSA) of £1,000 (or £500 for higher rate taxpayers).

From 6 April 2016 onwards, banks and building societies must pay your interest gross. This means that they do not deduct any income tax from it before you get it. This gives the right result for the vast majority of people, that is, there is no tax due or repayable on their savings income. 

The £1,000 and £500 figures shown above mean the interest on all of your accounts – so you have to add up the total interest you receive to work out whether it is within your allowance. 

Purchased life annuity income continues to be paid net of tax. There is more information on purchased life annuities in our pensioners section.

Certain other types of savings income continue to have tax deducted at source, for example, interest paid on compensation, such as in the case of mis-selling of PPI.

There is more information about savings income and tax generally on our page savings and tax.

Up to 6 April 2016

If you received income from savings, for example, bank or building society interest, you would normally have received it net of tax. This means that the bank or building society, or other savings provider, took tax off before you got it. This deduction of income tax was normally at the basic rate of 20%.

If you were on a low income, you may be able to get back some or all of the tax you have paid on your interest in tax years up to and including the tax year 2015/16.

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How do I claim back overpaid tax on savings income for tax years up to and including 2015/16?

In tax years up to and including the tax year 2015/16, tax was automatically taken off the interest on UK savings at the rate of 20%. You may need to claim a repayment of tax, if any of your savings income should only have been subject to the starting rate of tax for savings (0% in 2015/16) or should not have been taxed at all.

To claim back overpaid tax on savings income you need to fill in a form R40 (or form R43 if you are living overseas).

You can complete the form online, print off a paper copy to complete or request a paper copy is sent out to you by telephoning HMRC. The form comes with guidance notes to help you.

If you fill in a paper copy, when it is complete, send it to the address shown on GOV.UK.

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What information do I need to keep?

We suggest that you keep the following documents:

  • a copy of the completed form
  • proof of postage from the Post Office recording the date you sent it to HMRC, in case of later query
  • the paperwork to support the claim for repayment
  • interest certificates and bank statements for each of your bank and building society accounts
  • paperwork relating to any other savings income, such as the interest element of a PPI payout
  • dividend vouchers, as you will need to include any dividends and their associated 10% tax credits (for years up to 5 April 2016) on the form R40.

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What information do I need to give HMRC to claim a repayment of tax?

Put your National Insurance number on the R40 form and in any accompanying letter.

You do not need to send interest certificates and bank statements with your claim, but HMRC might ask to see them before they process the form. If so, you will probably be asked for the originals. Take copies for your own records before sending them to HMRC.

Your bank or building society may not give you an interest certificate automatically, but you can ask them to send you one. The bank or building society have to send you a certificate free of charge if you ask for one and they have not sent one out before.

If you have lost an interest certificate and ask the bank or building society for a duplicate, they may charge you, so it is usually best to find out first how much a duplicate interest certificate will cost.

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What are the time limits for claiming back tax?

The time limits for claiming back overpaid tax are set out in the introduction page.

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Do I have to wait until after the end of the tax year to make a claim?

You need not wait until the end of the tax year to make a claim, though you may have to make a provisional claim and a final claim if you cannot provide the exact figures if you claim before the tax year end.

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How soon will I get my repayment of tax?

HMRC say it normally takes six weeks to get a refund. HMRC sometimes want to check some things before sending your repayment, as part of their aims to prevent people claiming tax back fraudulently, so it could take longer.

Between April and September following the end of the tax year there may be delays as this is the most popular time for sending in the forms.

You may also have to wait longer if HMRC decide they need to see supporting information, such as interest certificates.

You might receive your repayment more quickly if you make your claim online, as there should be fewer postal and processing delays.

If you are worried that your repayment is taking a long time to appear, you should telephone HMRC and have your National Insurance number to hand.

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Where can I find more information?

You can find more information on form R40 and how to tell whether you are eligible for a repayment of tax on GOV.UK.

There is a guide on how to complete form R40, including an annotated version in useful tools.

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